The Green Tree Agreement

For the United Nations, the Greentree agreement was also the embodiment of an innovative approach to conflict resolution. Beginning with the withdrawal of Nigerian troops from Bakassi two years ago and culminating in this ceremony, the case of the Bakassi Peninsula demonstrated the feasibility of a peaceful and legal settlement of border disputes, if done with the full support of the international community and in a spirit of mutual respect, good neighbourliness and cooperation. Today, I would like to commend the far-sightedness and political will of the Governments and peoples of the Republic of Cameroon and the Federal Republic of Nigeria. It was in particular their patience and perseverance that made this remarkable experience and today`s ceremony possible. Moreover, the success of their initiative has provided the world with a model for the peaceful settlement of sensitive disputes. The dispute, which was referred to the International Court of Justice, was settled in favour of Cameroon on 10 October 2002. And on June 12, 2006, former President Olusegun Obasanjo and President Paul Biya signed the agreement on the withdrawal of troops and the transfer of authorities to the peninsula. On June 12, 2006, Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo and Cameroonian President Paul Biya signed the Greentree Agreement on the withdrawal of troops and the transfer of power to the peninsula. The withdrawal of Nigerian troops was set at 60 days, but it allowed a possible extension of 30 days, while Nigeria was allowed to keep its civil administration and police in Bakassi for another two years.

[1] The dispute between the two states was settled by the International Court of Justice, which ruled in favor of Cameroon. The Nigerian government went for it and withdrew its troops motivated by the risk of losing foreign aid. [6] The failure to ensure that the agreement was in force had serious repercussions on the economy of La Rivière-Cross State, caused a long humanitarian crisis by jeopardizing the well-being of the returnees, and did not lead to a logical conclusion. While the Senate deplored the inability of the executive to ensure that the agreement, which contains an overview of Cameroon`s commitment to Nigerians who have decided to remain on the peninsula, has been respected, the Senate has asked the federal government to put in place a clear policy to protect the indigenous people of Bakassi in the diaspora, including those living in Cameroon, to develop proposals. He also urged the Cameroonian government to respect the terms of the agreement. The Greentree Agreement was the formal treaty that laid down the border dispute between Cameroon and Nigeria, which had its roots in armed clashes between the two countries in Bakassi in 1913, 1981, 1994 and 1996. Eleven years after the signing of the agreement, on July 27, 2017, the National Assembly decided to investigate the killings following an alleged attack and murder of 97 Nigerians for non-payment of a discriminatory boat fee of N100,000, and asked the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to submit the 2006 agreement urgently for ratification.

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